Surface Mining Environment

Surface Mining. Author: Alan Cluett ~ Environmental Consultant, Holcim South Africa ( Article Type: Explanation) Mining, by its very nature, is not sustainable into the future. Through the process of mining, finite natural resources, in the form of minerals, are extracted from the Earth's crust, beneficiated and consumed by our society.

Surface mining can be classified into two groups on the basis of the method of extraction; mechanical extraction, or aqueous extraction. Mechanical extraction methods employ mechanical processes in a dry environment to

Advantages of surface mining include economic and financial benefits for miners and communities and a safer alternative to pit mining, but its disadvantages include environmental impacts, such as erosion and contamination. Surface mining, also called strip mining, delivers economically vital supplies of coal, which powers transportation and ...

surface mining of coal may cause so il erosion, damage fro m rolling stones, lands lides, and stream poll ution, increases the likelihood of floods, reduces the value of land for agricultural ...

The Effects Of Surface Mining On The Environment. Lately, there has been a vast controversy over whether or not surface mining is helpful to the environment. Surface mining takes less labor while also yielding more coal. However, the destructiveness of it outweighs any possible benefits. The infrastructure and different types of pollution ...

The Surface Mining Unit of the Kansas Department of Health and Environment's Bureau of Environmental Remediation consists of three basic programs; the Administration and Enforcement (A&E) Program which is responsible for the issuance of new coal mining permits, the inspection of active permitted coal mines, andthe enforcement of all regulations pertaining to active coal mining …

Mining is the extraction of minerals and other geological materials of economic value from deposits on the Earth. Mining adversely affects the environment by inducing loss of biodiversity, soil erosion, and contamination of surface water, groundwater, and soil. Mining can also trigger the formation of sinkholes.

Some mining techniques — like in-situ leaching, which uses acid and water to remove minerals from a site without significantly disturbing the surface — have much less environmental impact. In-situ mining techniques can use less water than open-pit mining and underground mining, and also reduce the risk of releasing ore dust into the atmosphere.

Some aspects of surface mining are similar to those of underground operations. Tailing storage and infra- structure development such as roads, rail lines, housing and power plants pose the same challenges. All in all, Resources Policy Volume 21 Number 4 December 1995 229 Ethics, surface mining and the environment: W Cragg et al however, there ...

S urface mining can degrade aquatic habitats with impacts felt many miles from a mining site. For example, sediment contamination of rivers and streams is common with surface mining. Does surface mining cause air pollution? Like other surface mining operations that remove materials, pit mining operations scar the landscape, destroy habitat, and pollute the air with dust and particulates.

The Surface Mining Unit reviews applications and approves surface mining land use plans, issues surface mining permits, conducts compliance evaluations of surface mining operations, reviews and approves bonding requirements for surface mining operations and ensures reclamation of completed mining operations.

Surface mining can be classified into two groups on the basis of the method of extraction; mechanical extraction, or aqueous extraction. Mechanical extraction methods employ mechanical processes in a dry environment to

placer mining have already been removed from their source by natural processes of erosion and weathering and have been carried downstream. Due to the smaller scale of placer mining, it does less damage to the surrounding environment compared to other methods of surface mining, though it can

The environmental damage caused by surface mining is related to the large amount of surface material that humans remove during mining operations. The environmental effects of surface mining include Habitat destruction Soil erosion Air pollution from dust particulates Pollution (especially from sediments) All surface mining techniques negatively affect the environment, though some methods …

How does surface mining affect the environment? Surface mining (another name for "strip mining") can severely erode the soil or reduce its fertility; pollute waters or drain underground water reserves; scar or altar the landscape; damage roads, homes, and other structures; and destroy wildlife. What are three impacts that mining can have on the Earth's […]


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